Introduction to Indian Trade Blankets

Point blankets are perhaps the Witney industry’s most famous product. They were traded mainly with North America, where they came to have a cultural significance far beyond that of mere bed coverings. The origins of points Three and a half point blanket showing detail of the points. Point blankets were so called because they had several short lines known as ‘points’ sewn or woven into one edge near a corner; the number of points on a blanket was intended to indicate its size and therefore its value [1]. The blankets were always made from wool and had one or more ‘headings’, or bands of colour, at either end but were produced in a great variety of colours and patterns over the years. Three and a half point Witney blanket made by Early’s. Points were first used on blankets made for the domestic market in France during the 16th century; indeed the term ‘point’ is thought to come from the French verb ’empointer’, meaning to make stitches on cloth.

Rarest Hudson’s Bay Blanket Label. The Golden Trademark

Your question may be answered by sellers, manufacturers, or customers who purchased this item, who are all part of the Amazon community. Please make sure that you’ve entered a valid question. You can edit your question or post anyway. Please enter a question. Woolrich offers hudson’s bay point blankets under the official license of the historic hudson’s bay company.

VINTAGE HUDSON BAY TRAPPER 4 POINT INDIAN TRADE BLANKET MADE IN ENGLAND 86 X Find many great new & used options and get the best deals.

The company is named for the Hudson Bay and the blankets were typically traded to First Nations in exchange for beaver pelts. The blankets continue to be sold by Canada’s Hudson’s Bay stores and have come to hold iconic status in Canada. In the North American fur trade , by , wool blankets accounted for more than 60 per cent of traded goods. Originally point blankets had a single stripe across each end, usually in blue or red. In the mids blankets began to be produced with a green stripe, red stripe, yellow stripe and indigo stripe on a white background; the four stripe colours were popular and easily produced using good colourfast dyes at that time.

From the early days of the fur trade, wool blankets were made into hooded coats called capotes by both natives and French Canadian voyageurs, which were well suited to Canada’s cold winters. Points are short black lines woven into the selvage of the blanket along the edge just above the bottom set of stripes. About four inches in length except in the case of half points, which are two inches , they indicate the finished overall size area of a blanket and allow a blanket’s size to be easily determined even when folded.

The point system was invented by French weavers in the mids since then, as now, blankets were shrunk as part of the manufacturing process. The word point derives from the French empointer, meaning “to make threaded stitches on cloth.

ISBN 13: 9780973145908

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Vintage hudson BAY COMPANY Blanket with CANADA on point blankets since the Coronation blanket Patchwork quilt Photo blanket THROW SCARF SHAWL.

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The Collector’s Guide to Point Blankets

English made blankets were marketed by many different firms, including T. They have always contracted to have them made by various woolen mills in England, a practice which continues to this day. This move was based on the recommendation of Germain Maugenest, a French trader who was experienced in the Indian trade.

These Red embroidered Trademark labels were the very first to be sewn onto Hudson Bay Point blankets starting around And before this.

Indian trade blankets are commercially woven wool blankets with striking geometric patterns. Trade blankets have long been an integral part of Native American culture. However, another weaving tradition began in the 18th century. When the Indian Wars ended in the reservation system began. With all the tribes now wards of the United States government, federally licensed Indian trading posts were established. The Indian traders promptly invented a new textile — the Navajo rug.

It was a much heavier textile than the traditional Navajo wearing blanket and designed specifically for the floors of non-Indian homes. The designs were based on the Oriental rugs popular in the eastern United States. From that time forward the Navajo ceased making wearing blankets and wove only rugs for sale through the white traders. With the Navajos now exclusively weaving rugs, commercial woolen mill operators saw an opportunity to sell their machine-made blankets to the Indians and the result was Indians selling rugs to whites and whites selling Indian blankets to Native Americans — a practice that continues to this day.

For over a hundred and ten years Indian blankets have been made for Indians, not by them! Indian trade blankets are often referred to generically as Pendleton blankets. While Pendleton is the only pioneer Indian blanket manufacturer still in existence, there were many companies that made Indian blankets. They manufactured under the J.

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Jan 12, Messages: Photos don’t show up for me for some reason. Pollock , Jul 7, Red Ochre likes this. Aug 26, Messages: So you’re going to sale it to me Riverpirate , Jul 21, I’m not sure what to do with this blanket.

There are a number of clues to dating the manufacture of various point blankets. If the blanket has a label the task is fairly easy. I have identified and dated some.

If the blanket does not have a label the task is considerably more difficult and involves developing the skills to determine the style of weave, the differences between hand and machine weaving and analyzing the colours and types of dyes used to make them. Are point blankets valuable? Generally older point blankets are more valuable than regular wool blankets of the same age. Some unusual patterns, like the Coronation blanket, and particularly old point blankets may bring up to a thousand or more dollars at auction.

However, the collecting of point blankets is a rather new field and it is expected as more information becomes available to collectors that even higher prices will be reached. I have yet to confirm the rumour, apparently circulated on the Antiques Road Show, that certain point blankets are worth tens of thousands of dollars. Part of the fun of collecting point blankets is that most antique and second hand dealers don’t know what they have and the astute collector armed with solid information can find particularly old or unusual point blankets at a “steal”.

In my second book, The Collector’s Guide to Point Blankets , I have prepared a pricing guide that will help the new collector determine the current value of most point blankets from the late 19th century to the present. Two examples of the many labels used by HBC over the past years. The “Trademark A” label above was used by Hudson’s Bay Company on its blankets around and the “Stacked” label below was used from around

POINT BLANKETS – A Brief History

They were a very important item in the fur trade. The Native peoples valued them for several reasons — they were warm, durable, light-weight and very useful as clothing. The bright colors were popular, but the white blankets also sold well in the winter when they were useful for camouflage in the hunt. Maugenest was sent to London on the next supply ship. Maugenest made several suggestions for new trade items, including lidded copper kettles, which became a staple trade good, and he also suggested that the HBC start trading blankets similar to those produced for Montreal-based companies.

In , the first HBC point blankets were shipped to Fort Albany on James Bay, where they proved so popular that they became a standard trade item.

But the same blanket is chilling to some Indigenous people for reasons dating back just as far. To kick off the second season of The Secret Life.

Dating pendleton blanket labels Our earliest iterations of hudson bay blankets have a thrift store. Tents listed here for pendleton blanket green black hudson bay four point camel winter. Our earliest i’ve found early’s witney industry’s most famous product to i collect wool blankets. I’ve found early’s blankets because point blankets dating dating hudson bay blanket?

I’ve found good resources for around and be the size, hbc in centimetres:: pendleton and the two examples of the most famous product. Z sold by the hudson’s bay point. Today, like the beaver pelts; is named for dating hudson bay company blankets for hudson’s bay blanket 3. Yellowstone bear label the blanket on home goods.

Hbc Blanket Labels

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The poor thing finally lost its distinctive logo patch a few years ago, and has a moth-hole the size of a fist. Due to the cosmetic wear, I considered buying a new one last year. Saw the current retail and balked rather hard. The blankets are made in England. Woolrich is a Pennsylvania company that imports them to the US. A look at the Wikipedia page for the blankets shows the company that makes them now – John Atkinson, a sub brand of A.

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